The constellation of Cancer was first discovered by Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century. Cancer constellation is located in the northern sky and is the faintest of the 12 zodiac constellations. The name “cancer” means “crab” in Latin and the constellation was first catalogued by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century.
Cygnus constellation is one of the most prominent constellations in the northern hemisphere. It is also known as the Swan constellation, because its name translates to “the swan” in Latin. Cygnus is home to the Northern Cross asterism, with some of its most notable stars making up the asterism.
Sagittarius is one of the largest constellations in the southern sky and is easy to find because it lies on the Milky Way. Its brightest stars form an asterism known as the Teapot. The constellation also contains the Arches Cluster and the Quintuplet Cluster with the luminous Pistol Star.
Draco is a circumpolar constellation, meaning that it never sets below the horizon for many observers in the northern hemisphere. It has nine stars with known planets and contains one Messier object, M102, as well as several famous deep sky objects such as the Cat’s Eye Nebula, the Spindle Galaxy and the Tadpole Galaxy.
Lyra constellation is a small constellation that lies in the northern sky. It was first catalogued by the astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century and represents the lyre, a musical instrument with strings used in antiquity and later times. The constellation is also often associated with the myth of the Greek musician and poet Orpheus and was often represented on star maps as a vulture or an eagle carrying a lyre.
The Latin name “Corona Borealis” translates to “the northern crown”, which was inspired by the constellation’s brightest stars that form a semicircular arc. The Corona Borealis constellation is closely associated with the legend of Theseus and the Minotaur in Greek mythology and is thought to actually represent a crown.
Equuleus is located in the northern sky. It’s name translates as “little horse” or “foal” in Latin and it is sometimes also known as Equus Primus, the Little Horse Constellation, or the First Horse, because it rises just before the constellation Pegasus. It is the second smallest constellation in the night sky, after Crux (the Southern Cross), occupying only 72 square degrees.
Crux is a small constellation that is centered on four stars in the southern sky. It is one of the most distinguishable constellations because it is very bright, with its asterism stars having an apparent magnitude brighter than +2.8. The ancient Greeks considered Crux to be part of the constellation of Centaurus. However, the French astronomer, Augustin Royer, separated Crux from Centaurus.
The constellation of Orion is one of the oldest constellations in the sky, and one of the most recognized. It is visible throughout the world, being located on the celestial equator, and is the 26th largest constellation in the sky, stretching for around 594 square degrees.
The Taurus constellation is one of the 12 constellations of the zodiac and it was first catalogued by the Greek astronomer Claudius Ptolemy in the 2nd century CE. However, its history actually dates back to the Bronze Age. In Greek mythology, the constellation is associated with Zeus, who transformed himself into a bull to get close to Europa and abduct her.
The Virgo constellation contains the star Spica, which is one of the brightest stars in our night sky. It also contains the autumn equinox point, which lies close to the star Beta Virginis. This is one of the two points in the sky where the celestial equator intersects with the ecliptic.
The Aquarius Constellation is situated in the southern hemisphere, between Capricornus and Pisces. In Latin, its name means “the water-bearer” (or “cup-bearer”). Aquarius lies in the region of the sky which is sometimes referred to as the Sea, because it contains a number of other constellations with names associated with water — Pisces (the fish), Eridanus (the river) and Cetus (the whale).
Gemini is one of the 12 zodiac constellations and was first catalogued by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century. It is the 30th largest constellation in the sky, with Pollux and Castor being the brightest stars in the contstellation. Pollux, the brighter of the two, is the closest giant star to us.
Sculptor constellation is a small and faint constellation located in the southern sky, to the south of Aquarius and Cetus. It was introduced by the French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in the 18th century, who originally named it Apparatus Sculptoris, which means “the sculptor’s studio”. Later, its name was shortened to Sculptor.
Telescopium constellation lies in the southern sky and was created by the French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in the 18th century. It represents the telescope and Lacaille named it after a type of telescope in honour of its invention. It is located south of the constellations of Sagittarius and Corona Australis.
Puppis used to be part of the constellation of Argo Navis, along with constellations Vela and Carina. While Puppis itself isn’t associated with any myths, Argo Navis represented the ship on which Jason and the Argonauts sailed to Colchis to get the Golden Fleece.
Caelum constellation is a small and faint constellation located in the southern hemisphere and is one of the 14 constellations created by the French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in the 18th century. Its name means “the chisel” in Latin.
Circinus constellation is located in the southern sky and was created and first catalogued by the French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in the 18th century. It was created to bridge the void between the constellation of Triangulum Australe and the stars marking Centaurus‘s forefeet. Its name means “the compass” in Latin, referring to the tool for drawing circles.
Pavo constellation is located in the southern hemisphere and was introduced by the Dutch astronomer Petrus Plancius from the observations of Dutch navigators Frederick de Houtman and Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser in the late 16th century. Pavo means “the peacock” in Latin and it was first depicted in 1598 on Plancius’ globe and first appeared in a star atlas in Johann Bayer’s Uranometria in 1603.
Norma constellation is located in the southern sky, between the constellations Scorpius and Centaurus. It is one of the smaller constellations and was introduced by the French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in the mid-18th century. Its name means “normal” in Latin (referring to a right angle) and it represents a level, a set square, a rule, or a carpenter’s square.
Triangulum Australe’s name means “the southern triangle” in Latin, and its three brightest stars form an equilateral triangle. The constellation never sets below the horizon south of the equator, but is located too far south to be visible from Europe and most of the northern hemisphere.